PENILAI HARTA INTELEK v PENILAI BERDAFTAR

KUALA LUMPUR 6 Nov. – Harta intelek yang memperoleh penilaian daripada jurunilai bertauliah merupakan aset perniagaan yang boleh dicagarkan untuk mendapat pembiayaan daripada institusi kewangan…… Sehubungan itu, menurut Menteri Perdagangan Dalam Negeri, Koperasi dan Kepenggunaan, Datuk Seri Hasan Malek, , kerajaan ketika ini memberi tumpuan ke arah mewujudkan pemahaman yang lebih jelas mengenai penilaian, pembiayaan dan pasaran harta intelek bagi menyumbang kepada hasrat negara mencapai ekonomi berpendapatan tinggi. Katanya, memandangkan negara sebelum ini tidak memiliki jurunilai harta intelek bertauliah, sebanyak 23 profesional dihantar menjalani latihan manakala tujuh orang kini memiliki pensijilan daripada MyIPO serta Institut Perdagangan Dunia, Universiti Berne, Switzerland…….”

“KUALA LUMPUR 27 JUN -Sebanyak 164 pemilik harta intelek telah mendaftar di Portal IPR Marketplace bagi memasarkan harta intelek ke seluruh negara. Portal IPR Marketplace adalah inisiatif yang dilakukan oleh Perbadanan Harta Intelek Malaysia (MyIPO) bagi menyediakan capaian kepada golongan pereka cipta dari universiti, institusi penyelidikan, syarikat berkaitan kerajaan dan Industri Kecil dan Sederhana (SME) bagi menjalankan aktiviti jual beli dan pelesenan ke peringkat antarabangsa….. Projek perintis Portal IPR Marketplace ini merupakan rangkaian strategik dan turut menghubungkan pemilik harta intelek dengan pembeli dan para pelabur berkaitan paten, cap dagangan, reka bentuk industri dan hak cipta telah disenaraikan dalam portal tersebut…

KUALA LUMPUR, 10 Sept (Bernama) — Perbadanan Harta Intelek Malaysia (MyIPO), yang berperanan untuk memantau perkembangan harta intelek (IP) dalam negara, kini melatih 30 orang dari pelbagai latar belakang dalam latihan penilaian IP kumpulan kedua. Ketua Pengarahnya Datuk Azizan Mohamad Sidin berkata MyIPO diamanahkan oleh kerajaan untuk mewujudkan dan membangunkan pembiayaan IP dan ekosistem penilaian IP di Malaysia dan oleh itu, rancangan pertama ialah mewujudkan satu kumpulan penilai IP tempatan(ArtikelPenuhhttp://ww1.utusan.com.my/utusan/Dalam_Negeri/20131107/dn_10/Harta-intelek-boleh-dicagar—Hasan#ixzz3sRDmslAM © Utusan Melayu (M) Bhd)

Daripada petikan ahkbar di atas, boleh dikatakan bahawa peranan penilai harta intelek mempunyai kesinambungan dengan peranan penilai berdaftar. Apa yang membezakan adalah jenis harta yang dinilai iaitu aset alih (tangible asset) dan aset tak alih (intangible aset), namun prinsip dan kaedah penilaian yang digunakan mempunyai persamaan dan inspirasi yang serupa. Pengiktirafan penilai harta intelek diberikan oleh Perbadanan Harta Intelek Malaysia Myipo) manakala penilai berdaftar diberikan oleh Lembaga Penilai, Pentaksir dan Ejen Harta Tanah (LPPEH).
Kewujudan penilai berdaftar dalam masyarat telah lama diterima dan dimanfaat oleh semua pihak samada pihak institusi kewangan, korporat mahupun individu. Bilangan penilai berdaftar sehingga kini lebih kurang 1000 orang manakala bilangan penilai harta intelek lebih kurang 23 orang di dalam Negara pada masa kini.
Perkembangan harta intelek pada masa kini perlu diberi pendedahan kepada masyarakat seiring dengan kepesatan teknologi. Memandangkan penilai berdaftar telah lama wujud dengan sistem yang telah stabil dalam ekonomi negara, saya berpendapat pihak Myipo perlu memberi lebih ruang kepada penilai berdaftar untuk memikul tanggungjawab sebagai penilai harta intelek .

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Patent Prosecution Highway (PPH) in Malaysia- Advantages & Disadvantages

Patent Prosecution Highway (PPH) in Malaysia- Advantages & Disadvantages

 

Introduction

As the globalization of the world economy advances, the number of filed patent applications tends to increase worldwide. Patent assets may be used as leverage during business transactions (e.g. mergers, licensing, acquisitions, etc.). However, the backlog of applications awaiting examination in MYIPO and most major Patent Offices is a significant issue.

 

Although not clearly defined, the backlog of unexamined patent applications consists of all the patent applications that have been filed and still remain to be examined. The backlog was said to be 4.2 million worldwide in 2007, and as of 2009 it reportedly continues to grow.

 

The backlog of patent applications is counter-productive to legal certainty, and that has a negative effect on the innovation process. According to a 2010 study by London Economics, “the cost to the global economy of the delay in processing patent applications may be as much as £7.65 billion each year.”

 

Since 2006, a number of collaborations, known as Patent Prosecution Highway (PPH), have been set up between various patent offices, initiated to provide accelerated examination procedures by sharing information between both Patent Offices, ultimately reducing the patent backlog.

 

Effective from 1 October 2014, MyIPO and JPO will commence the PPH pilot program for a period of three years. The program will initially run for a trial period of three years until 30 September 2017, followed by an evaluation to determine whether and how the program should be fully implemented thereafter.

 

What is PPH?

Under the PPH program, if the claims of an application have been found to be acceptable by a 1st patent office, the applicant may then request accelerated examination of a corresponding application at a 2nd office. The PPH is a procedure whereby Patent Offices can make use of relevant work already conducted by another office when conducting examination.

PPH leverages fast-track examination procedures already in place among participating Patent Offices, allowing applicants to reach final disposition of a patent application more quickly and efficiently than standard examination processing.

 

The following Patent Offices are participating in the GPPH agreement:

PPH Countries

Types of Request

1) PPH

2) PCT-PPH

*PPH can be done through the PCT. With PCT-PPH, you essentially pay the same but you have a PCT application as well.

 

How does it work in Malaysia?

PPH Malaysia

 

This PPH program between MyIPO and JPO allows both Malaysian and Japanese companies to obtain patent rights quickly in their respective countries.

 

The requirements for filing a request for PPH are as follows:

  • The 2nd Patent Office (SPO) patent application is in particular relationship with the 1st Patent Office (FPO) application, i.e., claims priority under Paris Convention, PCT national phase;
  • The FPO patent application has at least one claim that was determined by the FPO to be patentable / allowable;
  • All the claims in the SPO patent application sufficiently correspond to the allowable/ patentable claims in FPO patent applications;
  • The examination has not begun in the SPO at the time for request for PPH;
  • A request for Substantive Examination must have been filed at SPO either at or prior to the time of the PPH request.

 

The following are the documents that need to be filed during the filing of the request for PPH:

  • PPH application form.
  • Copies of all office actions in English.
  • Copies of allowable claims in English.
  • Copies of reference cited by JPO examiners.
  • Claim correspondence table.

 

Advantages

For Patent Offices:

– It permits each participating patent office to benefit from the work previously done by the other patent office

– Reduces duplication of efforts and decrease workload

– Improves the quality of examination worldwide

 

For Patent Applicants:

– Reduces work/ costs

– Reduces time to final disposition

– Applicants are able to streamline their patent portfolios.

– Stability of the patent rights granted.

 

Disadvantages

– Examination under the PPH is NOT a rubber stamp approval.

– Examination still takes place before both patent offices.

– Applicant must still comply with all the requirements of each jurisdiction (e.g. criteria for

patentability, formalities, duty of disclosure, etc.).

– Claims need to be strategically aligned to correspond to those allowed by the 1st Office.

– Type of claim amendments permitted may be restricted.

– Accelerated examination status obtained using the PPH is not transferred to continuation applications.

 

Conclusion

The PPH is already showing signs of success. The fact that highways exist and are successfully conveying applications is a proof that work sharing among Patent Offices is possible. Driving a patent application along the PPH can be fast and relatively inexpensive experience. The increasing use of PPH will likely add to the congestion, but with careful planning it can make for a pleasant ride.

The next major challenge for the PPH program, however, is to integrate into the multilateral patent system. In addition, the PPH has some large potholes for the unwary applicants.

Last but not least, the applicants must consider the criticality of their patent application, where patent protection is needed, the scope of subject matter to be protected, how that scope may vary across different countries, the timing for obtaining protection, and cost limitations. These factors will dictate the applicants’ choice of using the PPH or sticking to the road of traditional prosecution.

 

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